In Ethiopia in 2018:
- 690 000 people were living with HIV.
- HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected—the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was 0.24.
- HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 1%.
- 23 000 people were newly infected with HIV.
- 11 000 people died from an AIDS-related illness.
There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 45% decrease, from 20 000 deaths to 11 000 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has also decreased, from 29 000 to 23 000 in the same period.
The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Ethiopia:
- 79% of people living with HIV knew their status.
- 65% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 66% were on treatment, while 59% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.
Ninety-two per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 3700 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at 61% in 2018.
Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in Ethiopia: of the 650 000 adults living with HIV, 410 000 (63.08%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more than double those among young men: 5800 new infections among young women, compared to 2000 among young men. HIV treatment was slightly lower among women than men, with 65% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 66% of adult men.
Same-sex sexual relations are illegal in Ethiopia.
Only 30.52% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.
In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 54.2%, up from 43.1% in 2015.